Biographical Directory of the United States Executive Branch, 1774-1977, edited by Robert Sobel (Westport, CT: 1977, Greenwood Press), page 214; Boorstin and Kelley, op cit, pgs. 468-474; Arkansas Gazette for 3/8/89, "Voting in Arkansas Just below Average'': this, taken with the overall. turnout figure from A Statistical Hustory of the American Presidential Elections by Svend Petersen (New York, 1963, Fred Unger)' under 1924 election, and the 1971 Reader's Digest, 1981 Hammond and 1989 World Almanacs' figures for the votes for the main contenders in the 1924 presidential election (and noting, the "play" in these figures)' shows us that the 1924 Presidential election was the lowest voter-turnout election in U.S.history, two to three percent lower even than that of 1920, which had been the lowest in turnout due to the newly-enfranchised woman's vote, or, down about 7.9%; the next lowest turnout election is that of 1988, when 7.4% more Amcricans said they voted than the Census Bureau claimed had actually voted; Pringle, op cit, pgs. 990-991,1022-1023; Mollenhoff, pg. 321 (op cit); Eckler, op cit, pgs.165-168; Palumbo, op cit, pg. 115; Reader's Digest Almanac for 1984, pg. 371; Hoffstadter, pgs. 268-269, and 288-290; and above figures from Reader's Digest Almanac for 1971 (pages 820-823). HammondAlmanac for 1981 (pages 150-163), and World Almanac for 1989 (page 103).
1932 The ''jig is up"for the GOP as the Teapot Dome Scandal has forced another clean-up of the federal bureaucracy as well as the massive resignations at the upper levels the era is famous for--which, in turn, help to cause a more honest Census of 1930 which may very well have ensured Franklin D. Roosevelt's victory in 1932 (along with the Crash of '29).
(Sources: 1932: Manchester, op cit, pages l57-165; Hoffstadter 292, 312-314, op cit.) 1936: Media and polls "project" a GOP vlctory even after the early returns come in from states neighboring Maine and Vermont: "As goes Vermont, so goes the nation," the papers and radios proclaim, in headlines and broadcasts which are wildly inaccurate forecasts.
(Sources: 1936: Manchester, op cit, pages 157-165, and 217-220).
1940: Gop (Wilkie) gets money from Hitler and the Nazis to help them defeat FDR and the Democrats. (.Sources: 1940: The Battle of the Atlantic, by Terry Hughes and John Costello (New York: 1977, Dial), pages 91-173; The Outline of History by H. G. Wells, (New York: 1949, Doubleday); pages 920-924, esp. 923; Boorstin and Kelley, op cit, pages 548-550).
1944: GOP's Dewey threatens to leak sensitive national security information to the Japanese in the midst of the War in a campaign speech, and is stopped from doing this only at the last minute by a final, personal visit by a top-ranking American general's personnel.
(Sources: 1944 Manchester, op cit, pages 294-295; Hughes and Costello, op cit, pages 188-189; Boller, op cit, pages 259-266; Hoffstadter, op cit, pages 308-310).
1948: GOP, in 1947, accuses Truman administration of "Commie coddling", and seeks to illegally find out persona1 information about government employees, as to whether they are communists: it is all the Truman administration can do to stop them, and in some instances, he is not able to; the almost-independent military sets up :the "National Security Council" and its assistant, the CIA, virtually over Truman's veto, and the NATO Commander, Eisenhower, is given, by the McCarran Security Act passed in 1950 over Truman's veto, what are probably unconstitutional powers to wiretap "suspected Communists"; the media proclaims "Dewey Defeats Truman" in hundreds of different formats.
(Sources: 1948: The Limits of Power by Eugene McCarthy (New York 1967, Holt, Reinhart and Winston), pages 72-92; Mollenhoff, op cit, page 36; Manchester, op cit page 339).
1952: The above-mentioned McCarran Security Act of 195O is used (along with a temporary "permission'' by Attorney General Tom Clark in 1950 to conduct unsupervised wiretaps when he is out of town) to tap wires by GOP/Eisenhower, helping result in Ike's victory over Stevenson--along with photo-doctoring attempt to accuse or "prove" Stevenson an ally of Communist Party leader Earl Browder. (Sources: 1952: McCarthy, op cit, 72-93;
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