A Working Title, An Author, A Source

Although I started my search for the elusive book I heard in that radio ad in Houston in 1983, it wasn’t until about l993 that I came across a title that seemed to work. The Immaculate Deception was the title. It appeared on a book list put out by a small publisher in Nevada that subsequently moved to Montana. The Immaculate Deception: The Bush Crime Family Exposed, by Brig. Gen. Russell S. Bowen (ret.), (Carson City, Nevada: America West, 1991), was written largely in l989, in the edition that was being printed in l993. But it seems clear to me, from the book's jacket description, from a few passages in the book and from the Introduction by its author, who is formerly an agent of the CIA, that the book was originally started and written to some extent by around l979. That seems highly significant in light of that ad’s 1980 date.

Bowen says he first got interested in writing The Immaculate Deception around 1977, after the death of Chilean ambassador Letelier, possibly at CIA hands. (ix). This was shortly before the retirement from CIA of another “renegade” agent, Philip Agee, who had also published some whistle-blower books about the CIA. Agee had even made the conservative Carter Administration angry with his threats to destroy the Agency via publishing sensitive material. It seems clear to me, based on the coincidence of the dates of the two men’s attempts to write about CIA, that each fed the other on some level.

Agee had been sued by the Carter Administration. However, the suit was still on-going at the time of Carter’s defeat by Reagan. Carter’s suit in behalf of the CIA was carried on under the Reagan-Bush Administration by the new Secretary of State, Alexander Haig, in a case that appeared before the Supreme Court as Haig v. Agee.

Some interesting things happened to Alexander Haig. After his “I’m in control here” statement, he served the Reagan Administration as Secretary of State for about a year. At the time he was “fired,” he writes in his memoir, Caveat, he was listening to his radio and heard he’d resigned. It was the first he’d heard of it (Haig 310-17).

Previously, Haig had told the President that, if certain things couldn’t be changed, he’d have to resign (310-11). A few days later, Reagan had handed Haig a sealed envelope with a note which “it is with profound regret that I accept your letter of resignation.” It was a letter he hadn’t yet submitted to the President, however, and was the last in a series of what can only be described as “dingey” things the President and his staff did that led to Haig’s resignation (Haig 310-17). Haig was drawing up his letter of resignation, had told the President he was doing so, but he hadn’t yet presented it to him, when Reagan appeared at a press conference and announced that Haig had resigned (Haig 313-16). Haig said he’d heard of his resignation “on the radio.”

I’ve wondered, in light of subsequent information I’ve gathered about possible activities in which Haig was involved, if this specific incident occurred in precisely the way Haig originally described it. I’ve wondered whether he was speaking in that “code” that he used so often, with which close associates are familiar. Was Haig saying, in effect, that he had heard the same radio ad as I had? Could this be what he meant by saying he had heard this "on the radio?" Was he saying that, in retrospect, he should have known that he was “fired” by Reagan/Bush, in the sense that he, Haig, was unacceptable as an employee of such an administration, since he had fought for the allies in World War II?

In dealing with Agee, Haig may also have been forced to deal with the problems that were presented by Agee’s fellow agent, Bowen. General Bowen seems to have initially wanted to retire from the CIA in l979. However, for some reason he then decided he didn’t want to retire from the CIA after all. In l981, shortly after Reagan/Bush took office, Bowen seems either to have re-enlisted in the CIA or to have stayed in it..

Though it seems odd to an outsider, this is quite common for would-be “former” CIA agents. It is, in fact, almost impossible to merely retire from the CIA .Bowen was eventually to finally retire from the CIA in 1989, ten years later. From what I can determine, this is when he published edition two of The Immaculate Deception.

Bowen was eventually to finally retire from the CIA in 1989, ten years later, when he published edition two of The Immaculate Deception. The conclusion that the 1989 book was edition two is drawn from several forms of information I've obtained and seems, with some variation, the most likely of several scenarios that explain the book ad.

That takes care of the title of the book in question, and the possible author, or authors, or how Bowen may have somehow been aware of the title and of some of the research that went into the production of that book. But, that still leaves open the question of who the source of the ad for the book was. What mysterious advertising agency would run an ad for a book, then withdraw it before it ever appeared in print before the general public? In many ways, the search for the source of that book ad was a mystery in itself.

Over the past few years, I’ve learned of the activities of Robert Maxwell, British publisher, British-Israeli secret agent, and tycoon. I believe, based on years of research now, that Maxwell was the source of that mysterious 1980 election year ad. I think his involvement was a part of the scenario that brought about the “October Surprise” that defeated Jimmy Carter in the 1980 Presidential election.

Bower, Tom. Maxwell the Outsider. New York: 1992, Viking. xiii-xv; 274-83; 343-6; 442-3; 460-65; 470-507. Interesting data on Maxwell's body and the state in which it was found; also interesting correlation of dates of some of Maxwell's buyouts and activities and the ongoing political climates at the times.


---------. Maxwell, the Final Verdict. New York: 1996. 1-8;. 301-7; 310-13; 316-21; 323-4; 343-6; 363-74. More interesting data on Maxwell's death and his many ties to world intelligence communities. More interesting dates and events that correlate well with the political pressures Bush would be under during various election years.

In the case of both of these books, Bower comes across as perhaps a bit too tough on Maxwell (he goes into too much gory detail in describing the 1991 autopsy, isn't at all sensitive in his treatment of the widow Betty and daughter Ghislaine during the 1991 funeral arrangements, virtually accuses his sons of being incompetents in Outsider, then backtracks on this charge in order to further insult Maxwell by implying he was "unfair" to his sons in Final Verdict). Maxwell, his attorneys and sons all attempted to keep Bower's books from publication; they were only successful in Britain itself, which has somewhat "different" libel laws.

This in itself, however, may reveal that Maxwell had experienced some degree of pre-publication harassment himself and was attempting to apply the same methods to his own critics. 1987: going into the 1988 Presidential election, Maxwell is attempting to buy out the Daily News. That publication folded, but not immediately. There was still some potential for an exposé to run there. By 1988, he was trying, unsuccessfully, to buy into American publishers HBJ and New York Post.

Davies, Nicholas. The Unknown Maxwell. London: Sidgwick and Jackson, Ltd., 1992. Pan, 1993. Yet another negative biography of Robert Maxwell. Does have interesting data re: the circumstances of his death. (Cited by Russell Davies). 334: "However, what was unusual about Maxwell's last flight to the Lady Ghislaine was that he went alone. No secretary, no valet, no butler, no one. He had never done that before." (Bower does note that Maxwell "cheered up" when he got news that a young woman had come aboard after a stop at one of the Canary Islands.) 336: "Maxwell told Rankin to sail to the Canaries and arrived in the morning of November 4. He spoke to Burrington and apologized for disrupting his lunch; he phoned Dr. Pisar in Paris. Pisar recalled: 'We talked of plans for the immediate future,chiefly Maxwell's excitement at being nominated by the Scientific Institute in France to receive the Légion d'honneur, France's highest award, and he was to be made Man of the Year by the Jewish Scientific and Cultural Institute at the Plaza Hotel, New York, later in November. There was satisfaction in his voice. A man that contemplates suicide does not think that way.' 338: "On the morning Maxwell died the main sliding doors were found locked from the outside, and the heavy steel-framed doors leading to the deck were closed. Maxwell's key was missing and Rankin had to use the master key. . . What was so unusual was that Maxwell had closed doors behind him, because he never did, let alone lock them [--my italics--mcs]. The locking of the doors was a deliberate act and yet was not included in the Spanish police report." Yet despite these oddities, N. Davies--very unlike R. Davies below--goes on to conclude that Maxwell probably committed suicide.


Davies, Russell. Foreign Body: The Secret Life of Robert Maxwell. London: Bloomsbury, 1995. 90-92; 94-7; 100; 109, 109 n 2; 114-16; 119; 130; 144; 171-7, 175 n 1; 178-81; 184; 192-3; 198-220. Fascinating journalistic "insider" style insights into Maxwell's hidden life as an intelligence and organized crime afficionado. Mr. Russell provides an interesting scenario to account for Maxwell's death: one that involves an allegedly satellite-photographed boat that pulled alongside Maxwell's yacht before his death, taking off a person already aboard, who apparently was British and was employed by CIA and MI6 to kill Maxwell. His scenario--that Maxwell was pushed into the sea unconscious, recovered consciousness on hitting the water, realized swimming was too dangerous and painful, and so attempted to float for hours, dying of hypothermia in minutes. He was, says Russell, clearly trying to keep himself afloat from the position his body was found it--belly up. MI6 and CIA had him under close surveillance--Russell provides documentation of this. An interesting overheard public phone conversation of a Maxwell yacht crew member is also noted. In 1991, Bush was still President--his longstanding ties to persons such as Brent Scowcroft and John Tower, and his limited dealings with Maxwell, are detailed. Suspicions are raised as to the circumstances of the death of Sen. Tower; interesting coincidental dates as to "computer hacking" and software theft by Maxwell associates and the CIA, as to their possible connection to the "politically true" scenario.

Haines, Joe. Maxwell. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1988 . 21-2; 171-2; 382-6; 402-5. Written before Maxwell's death by his business associate. a big color photo of Maxwell meeting with Ronald Reagan. What's interesting about the photo is the date: 1987. It was 1988 when Reagan first began to seem to "backslide" on Bush. He refused to endorse Bush versus the other Republican Presidential contenders in the GOP primaries in 1988, then refused to even say whether he'd voted for Bush that year. Then, in 1992, he told Clinton he voted for him instead of Bush.

If Maxwell was aware of that book about Bush in WW2, ran the ad or had a copy of it, did he give it to Reagan when he met with him in 1987? Haines also notes that in 1987-8, (as, be it noted, Reagan was growing more distant from Bush), he was simultaneously growing closer to Robert Maxwell, appointing him to head a commission to "improve America's image" overseas. This is odd, considering that Maxwell was a British citizen! It almost sounds like some sort of a "cover", Reagan using this commission work of Maxwell's as an excuse to keep up communications with him. Could it be that Maxwell had told Reagan something he'd never known, or had enlightened him on something he may have had a hint about--perhaps through Alexander Haig before he left the Administration in 1982. (Haig, you may recall, was also a secret Israeli agent, like Maxwell.) According to the time-scale advanced in the book, former President Carter met with Maxwell in 1987, accompanied in the photo presented by major Japanese multi-millionaire. Loftus and Aarons, who have been a useful source for much of my research but who nevertheless are skeptics about the "October Surprise", refer to no other books on Maxwell except Haines's positive biography. Perhaps this is yet another hint--along with what I mention in the text--as to the fact that they ignore the data Barbara Honneggar has found pertaining to Bush's connections with the Knights of Malta and P-2. Through the latter, Bush connected with organized crime, including the Gambino family whose heroine-carrying ship, the USS Poet, was commandeered by the same Iranian radicals holding the embassy hostages. That dragged P2 and the Gambinos into the hostage drama, as well as Bush, Haig and rogue elements in the already hostile-to-Carter Mossad. None of this was noted by Loftus and Aarons. Similarly, since the less authorized biographies of Maxwell were not resourced by Loftus and Aarons, one can reasonably assume they were choosing to ignore his seamier ties to worldwide intelligence groups that were often in conflict, including the Knights of Malta and apparently, based on Honneggar's research, P-2.

Haines, nevertheless, has some interesting bits and pieces (if one has sufficiently "backgrounded" this ahead of time from other sources): 21-22; 172-3 (professor Neville Postlethwaite's 1980 assessment of Maxwell); 381-7 (chronological series of events in Maxwell's career and planning of 1979-81--buyouts and financial activities that moved him toward the US); finally, 404, where Haines briefly describes Maxwell's July, 1980 "dawn raid" buy-out of British Printing Company--a company that never really made it and which was the major source of his oft-promised, sometimes-advertised, but never-delivered book "publications". One of those may have been the ad I heard in 1980 in Houston. See also photo of Maxwell with Japanese multi-millionaire Ryoichi Sasakawa, who donated £500,000 to Maxwell's firms all at once.

Thompson, Peter and Anthony Delano. Maxwell: A Portrait of Power. London: Corgi, 1988, 1991. 10; 14; 30-33; 106-7; 109; 115-16; 186-89; 213-19; 237-244. 31- 32: is noting that there was a legal battle between Maxwell and Harcourt, Brace, Jocanovich (HBJ), lead by the latter, to avoid Maxwell's buy-out of an American-based publisher. Intriguingly, after Maxwell was defeated by HBJ in his bid to buy it out in 1987, a year later, in 1988, HBJ was the publisher of Joe Hyams' "authorized" biography of George Bush: Flight of the Avenger: George Bush at War. Interesting timing: was hard-pressed HBJ at that time "awarded" by Bush and his White House staff for its impertinence with Maxwell? By way of contrast, recall that Reagan, during this same time, was, like Jimmy Carter, being photographed with Maxwell, and was "rewarding" him with work on the "American Good Impression" committee, even though he was a British citizen. Thompson/Delano also note that Maxwell's conglomerate Pergamon Press/British Printing and Communications Company, attempted in January 1988 (going into Bush's first Presidential election bid and after Maxwell had met with Reagan in 1987) to buy out the New York Post, then owned by Rupert Murdoch and associates. He was unable to convince Murdoch to sell him any publicly-acknowledged shares, though it's interesting to note (214-15) that Maxwell's empire has sizable hidden financial holdings in Leichtenstein, a nation even more secretive than Switzerland as to "bank accounts." Interestingly, too, after Ted Kennedy's manipulation in the Senate of 1988, (Ted's father, Joseph, Sr., as US Ambassador to Brtain in 1939-40, had helped arm Hitler) Maxwell was discouraged from any further publicized attempts to buy out said paper. Yet, in August 1988, the New York Post ran the article "The Day Bush Bailed Out" which quoted "Ski" contesting Bush's version of events over Chi Chi Jima, which is referred to here in my book in several places. This is the article which first raised the question before the public: "why didn't Bush water land instead of bailing out?"

So we see a number of different sources pointing us to the conclusion that Robert Maxwell was the source of the ad for the book of 1980 that made the allegation. Maxwell was infamous in Britain for blackmailing major politicians via threatening to run ads about exposé books in the media. It shouldn’t have been to difficult for him to have moved his ads to the US for a brief time, especially in what he perceived to be another time of crisis for Israel. It may even be the Maxwell, with all his underground dealings with multiple intelligence agencies around the world, had become connected in some way with Licio Gelli’s P-2. If so, between the two, Maxwell was deeply involved in both the embassy hostage crisis in Iran of 1980 and the holding of the Poet’s crew at the same time by Iran.

We also see that in subsequent years, Maxwell may have worked to keep his blackmail of Bush of 1980--done to temporarily move Bush away from his strongly pro-Iraq position to one more amenable to Iran (and, by default of temporary alliance, Israel). That ad had the effect, and over the years, Maxwell repeatedly tried to assert that he would shortly be in position in the US to further publicize the book’s claims. He also gradually got the word to Reagan, on some level, that Bush was not to be trusted.

Thus do we now have a working title, an author and a source for the 1980 book ad. My very first indications of the possible validity of the book ad’s claims, came as I’d glanced around at the library by 1983. There, I’d first seen the name Standard Oil and the word treason in connection with it. And then, just once, I’d briefly glimpsed another name in connection with that treason: the family name of Bush. It was the tip of a thread that began to unravel.

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Works cited:

Bowen, Brig. Gen. Russell S. (ret.). The Immaculate Deception: The Bush Crime Family Exposed. Carson City, NV: 1989, America West

Bower, Tom. Maxwell the Outsider. New York: 1992, Viking. xiii-xv; 274-83; 343-6; 442-3; 460-65; 470-507.

---------. Maxwell, the Final Verdict. New York: 1996. 1-8;. 301-7; 310-13; 316-21; 323-4; 343-6; 363-74.

Davies, Nicholas. The Unknown Maxwell. London: Sidgwick and Jackson, Ltd., 1992. Pan, 1993.

Davies, Russell. Foreign Body: The Secret Life of Robert Maxwell. London: Bloomsbury, 1995. 90-92; 94-7; 100; 109, 109 n 2; 114-16; 119; 130; 144; 171-7, 175 n 1; 178-81; 184; 192-3; 198-220.

Haig, Alexander M. Caveat: Realism, Reagan and Foreign Policy. New York: MacMillan, 1984

Haines, Joe. Maxwell. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1988 . 21-2; 171-2; 382-6; 402-5. "Presidential Election Returns," World Almanacs, 1969-1997. New York: Scripps- Howard, 1868---.

Thompson, Peter and Anthony Delano. Maxwell: A Portrait of Power. London: Corgi, 1988, 1991. 10; 14; 30-33; 106-7; 109; 115-16; 186-89; 213-19; 237-244.


If you find this list of sources inadequate--and some have indicated this--I invite you to visit my additional sources, at my Bibliography, Annotated Bibliography, and Updated Annotated Bibliography.

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